Atlantic Salmon Redd Surveys 2014 – 2015

Salmon Redd surveys are part of the atalantic salmon monitoring activities that Qalipu
conducts annually, alternating between the Western and Central portions of Newfoundland.
These redd surveys are completed to analyse recruitment and return of resident populations to
areas previously unaccessible due to freshwater obstructions (i.e. inactive beaver dams and log
jams). Salmon Redd surveys were completed during the month of November for Coal Brook,
Sheep Brook and Dribble Brook. These surveys have been ongoing for several years and have
included over 20 study areas within Western and Central Newfoundland. Throughout this time
the Guardians have become quite experienced in completing the surveys and have been able to
complete them efficiently and effectively.

 

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Eelgrass 2014-2015

Spatial variation in the abundance of eelgrass (Zostera marina) at eight sites in western Newfoundland, Canada

The abundance of eelgrass (Zostera marina) was quantified at eight sites along the west coast of Newfoundland (NL), Canada. Two video procedures were employed to generate preliminary data on the percent cover of eelgrass. A GoPro high definition camera was mounted on a two meter 1.3cm diameter PVC pipe and attached 30 cm above a 19 x 19 cm quadrat. Still images were generated of quadrats or of the benthos during free swims. A 3 x 3 grid was added to the center of each image and the mean percent cover was calculated from these grids. The percent cover of eelgrass ranged between 5.89 and 69.27 %. Eelgrass abundance increased between June/July and September at sites 2, 4, and 7, before decreasing again in October at site 7. Overall, the percent cover of eelgrass peaked at 81.18% in September at site 4. Globally, sea grasses are declining in response to multiple stressors, including eutrophication, shoreline development, climate change, and aquatic invasive species. Eelgrass provides critical ecosystem services to coastal environments by stabilizing shorelines, contributing organic biomass to coastal food webs, and by increasing habitat heterogeneity along shallow subtidal shores. The degradation and loss of this highly productive habitat can have dire consequences for the stability and integrity of coastal environments in Atlantic Canada. Efforts to conserve this habitat will have long term benefits for populations of commercially, recreationally, and culturally important coastal species.

 

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Tunicates

Distribution and abundance of golden star tunicate (Botryllus schlosseri) and Botrylloides sp. on artificial and natural substrates at twelve sites in western Newfoundland, Canada.

The distribution and abundance of invasive colonial tunicates were documented at twelve sites along a ~270-km latitudinal gradient in western Newfoundland (NL), Canada. A combination of 10×10 and 15×15 cm polyvinyl chloride (PVC) panels were deployed on fixed and/or floating docks at each site between June and November 2014. The presence and abundance of invasive colonial tunicates were documented in September and November. Similar to patterns observed in 2013 (Caines personal observation), Botryllus schlosseri was found at Sites 1, 2 and 5, while Botrylloides sp. was observed at Site 2. Monthly sampling of 15×15 cm PVC panels, eelgrass (Zostera marina), rockweed (Fucus sp.), and kelp (Saccharina latissima) was conducted between September and November at Sites 1, 2 and 5 to determine spatial and temporal variation in the abundance of invasive colonial tunicates on artificial and natural substrates. Mean colony cover of B. schlosseri was 14.1 and 19.5% for panels sampled from floating docks in September for Sites 2 and 5, respectively, while mean cover of Botrylloides sp. was 3.7% on panels sampled from the fixed dock at Site 2. Interestingly, the frequency of occurrence for B. schlosseri colonies on rockweed increased from 20% in September to 100% in October at Site 2, while it decreased from 100% in September to 80% in October at Site 5. The frequency of Botrylloides sp. peaked at 50% and 70% on rockweed and kelp, respectively, in October at Site 2. The frequency of B. schlosseri on kelp specimens at Site 1 peaked at 40% in October, while kelp specimens from Site 2 had a peak colony frequency of 100% in September. Overall, the abundance of B. schlosseri on artificial and natural substrates was substantially lower at Site 1, which may be related to cooler sea temperature and increased wave exposure at this site.

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Green Crab

Abundance , Distribution, and Mitigation of Green Crab

The European green crab (Carcinus maenas) has successfully invaded estauries and protected harbours from Port aux Basques to Port au Choix, along the west coast of Newfoundland (NL). Qalipu Mi’kmaq First Nations (Qalipu) and Mi’kmaq Alsumk Mowimsikik Koqoey Association (MAMKA) have been studying and mitigating green crab in Bay St. George and Bay of Islands since 2009. We conducted rapid assessments and focused removal along a ~270 km latitudinal range from late July to early October to determine the abundance and distribution of green crab in western NL. We successfully removed 8050 green crab from all sites, with 3867 crab removed from Penguin Arm, Bay of Islands, over three nights. This year was the first step towards meaningful reductions of green crab in western NL and has set the framework for upcoming studies investigating the effects of green crab on eelgrass communities. The protection of this significant habitat is essential for maintaining healthy coastal ecosystems and conserving commercially, culturally, and recreationally important species.

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March 12 cover

Council Meeting Report March-12-2016

On March 12 the Qalipu Chief and Council held a regular meeting in St. George’s at the Ktaqmkuk Mi’kmaq Museum. The meeting’s primary purpose was to receive the Finance Committees report, and to pass the proposed budgets and operating plans for the 2016-2017 fiscal year. The meeting also featured guest presentations from a documentary film maker, David Maggs, and Kirby Mercer, President of Beothuk Energy. Other items included follow up on support of the Aboriginal Sports Circle, approval of the Privacy Policy, and ratification of a motion to increase Councilor Honorariums by $2000 annually

Click here to read the complete March 12 Meeting Summary

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Addiction way out problem sign. Prevention and cure addiction problem concept.

Dealing with Addictions

Drug and alcohol addictions affect more than the addicted person; relationships, families and communities all feel the impact of what are often harmful and dangerous addictive behaviors.

Part of the role of the Qalipu Health Services division is to help bring awareness to the programs and services that are available to indigenous communities, and to help individuals receive the care that they need.

If you or someone you know is battling an addiction, you may want to consider exploring Health Canada’s National Native Alcohol and Drug Abuse Program (NNADAP).

The NNADAP community-based programming includes:

  • Prevention
  • Health promotion
  • Early detection and intervention
  • Referral
  • Aftercare
  • Follow-up services

Please click here for more information on NNADAP.

The services available through NNADAP are integrated with a national network of addiction treatment centres which provide culturally relevant in-patient and outpatient programming.To find out more about these treatment centres, click here.

NNADAP can be covered under the NIHB program. If you or someone you known is battling an addiction contact Howard Thistle, Qalipu Mi’Kmaq First Nation’s NIHB Navigator, at 1-855-675-5743 or 1-709-679-5743 to find out more about NNADAP.

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Newsletter – February 2016

Maw-pemita’jik Qalipu’k February 2016 Newsletter Now Online

Maw-pemita’jik Qalipu’k is a monthly newsletter. In it, we aim to share not only the happenings of the Band but also, to help connect our dispersed communities. If you would like to give your thoughts on what you’ve read here, or share an upcoming community event, achievement, news item, or anything else that may be of interest to our aboriginal community, please get in touch:

Alison White
Communications Officer
Qalipu Mi’kmaq First Nation
Tel. 709-634-5163
Email awhite@qalipu.ca

Click here to view the newsletter

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Newsletter – January 2016

Maw-pemita’jik Qalipu’k January Newsletter Now Online

Maw-pemita’jik Qalipu’k is a monthly newsletter. In it, we aim to share not only the happenings of the Band but also, to help connect our dispersed communities. If you would like to give your thoughts on what you’ve read here, or share an upcoming community event, achievement, news item, or anything else that may be of interest to our aboriginal community, please get in touch:

Alison White
Communications Officer
Qalipu Mi’kmaq First Nation
Tel. 709-634-5163
Email awhite@qalipu.ca

Click here to view the newsletter

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Newsletter – November 2015

Maw-pemita’jik Qalipu’k November Newsletter Now Online

Maw-pemita’jik Qalipu’k is a monthly newsletter. In it, we aim to share not only the happenings of the Band but also, to help connect our dispersed communities. If you would like to give your thoughts on what you’ve read here, or share an upcoming community event, achievement, news item, or anything else that may be of interest to our aboriginal community, please get in touch:

Alison White
Communications Officer
Qalipu Mi’kmaq First Nation
Tel. 709-634-5163
Email awhite@qalipu.ca

Click here to view the newsletter

Share

Newsletter – October 2015

Maw-pemita’jik Qalipu’k October Newsletter Now Online

Maw-pemita’jik Qalipu’k is a monthly newsletter. In it, we aim to share not only the happenings of the Band but also, to help connect our dispersed communities. If you would like to give your thoughts on what you’ve read here, or share an upcoming community event, achievement, news item, or anything else that may be of interest to our aboriginal community, please get in touch:

Alison White
Communications Officer
Qalipu Mi’kmaq First Nation
Tel. 709-634-5163
Email awhite@qalipu.ca

Click here to view the newsletter

Share